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The 15 Most Important People in European History

The List:
1 Adolf Hitler
2 Isaac Newton
3 Albert Einstein
4 Queen Elizabeth I
5 Charles Darwin
6 King Henry VIII
7 Leonardo Da Vinci
8 Mahatma Gandhi
9 Otto Von Bismarck
10 Galileo Galilei
11 Winston Churchill
12 Michelangelo
13 William Shakespeare
14 Francis Bacon
15 Pablo Picasso
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No. 5 Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was born on 12 February, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father, Robert Darwin, was a physician, the son of Erasmus Darwin, a poet, philosopher, and naturalist. Charles's mother, Susannah Wedgwood Darwin, died when he was eight years old. At age sixteen, Darwin left Shrewsbury to study medicine at Edinburgh University. Repelled by the sight of surgery performed without anesthesia, he eventually went to Cambridge University to prepare to become a clergyman in the Church of England. After receiving his degree, Darwin accepted an invitation to serve as an unpaid naturalist on the H.M.S. Beagle, which departed on a five-year scientific expedition to the Pacific coast of South America on 31 December, 1831.

Darwin's research resulting from this voyage formed the basis of his famous book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Published in 1859, the work aroused a storm of controversy. Here Darwin outlined his theory of evolution, challenging the contemporary beliefs about the creation of life on earth.

Darwin continued to write and publish his works on biology throughout his life. He lived with his wife and children at their home in the village of Downe, fifteen miles from London. Thought now to have suffered from panic disorder, as well as from Chagas' disease contracted during his travels in South America, Darwin was plagued with fatigue and intestinal sickness for the rest of his life. He died on April 19, 1882, and lies buried in Westminster Abbey.

Darwin definitely had direct impact on people's everyday lives. His ideas have plagued scientists and modern people for years. His never thought of before theory of evolution caused people to question their religious studies. Darwin attempted to prove that man evolved from previous forms of animals. This confused what were previously solid ideas on the creation of life on earth given to human through religion.

The second reason for his inclusion would be the large-scale impact on countries. Darwin's ideas sent turned people's minds upside down all over the world. People in every country were now confused on what to believe about the origin of the human race.

Finally, Darwin's theory had a great impact on long-term movements. Scientists today continue attempting to prove how humans actually originated. As more evidence is found, Darwin's theory grows stronger.

Birth: February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England
Nickname: Not Applicable
Education: Edinburgh University, studied medicine
Cambridge University to prepare to become a clergyman in the Church of England
Occupation: Darwin accepted an invitation to serve as an unpaid naturalist on the H.M.S. Beagle, which departed on a five-year scientific expedition to the Pacific coast of South America on 31 December, 1831.
Religious Affiliation: Anglican (nominal)
Marriage: January 29, 1839 - married Emma Wedgwood.
Children: 1839 - William Erasmus Darwin
1841 - Anne Elizabeth Darwin
1842 - Henrietta Emma Darwin
1845 - George Howard Darwin
1847 - Elizabeth Darwin
1848 - Francis Darwin
1850 - Leonard Darwin
1851 - Horace Darwin
1856 - Charles Waring Darwin
Political Affiliation: None.
Writings: On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection Or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life (1859)
The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871)
Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle (1848)
The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
Died: April 19, 1882 at Down House, Downe, Kent, England.
Buried: Westminster Abbey

Links for Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin, British Naturalist - http://www.csuchico.edu/~curban/DarwinMiscSep99.html#AnchorTopofPaper
Darwin Correspondence Project - http://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/Departments/Darwin/
Works of Charles Darwin - http://www.literature.org/authors/darwin-charles/
Charles Darwin and Darwinia - http://www.sc.edu/library/spcoll/nathist/darwin/darwin.html